As westerners rebelled, the nation's greatest historian of the West, Frederick Jackson Turnerwas fashioning his views on sectionalism. This strategy would increasingly take the region out of the American mainstream.
In fact, the sectional alliances in the election of were remarkably similar to those ofwith William Jennings Bryan country backing George W.
The s witnessed the strengthening of the Lost Cause, with increased organizational and ritual activity, in the same decade as the hardening of white racism.
Indeed, the legal codification and institutionalization of white supremacy represented another of those orthodoxies at the heart of the "southern way of life. As the South went through the slow and sometimes agonizing process of modernizing, religion provided justification for the wealthy to profit from economic development, but it also gave meaning to those bearing the burdens of economic change without proper recompense.
Like his beloved Midwest, Frederick Jackson Turner had fallen from favor, and academic historians of the late twentieth century were more likely to focus on the divisions wrought by race, class, or gender rather than on sectional clashes or differences.
These newcomers energized the church and prompted its efforts to meet their needs. Each section rallied around its hero, yet until the s periodic sectional crises produced compromises that patched the rifts in the union and held the nation together for a few more years.
Many industries soon followed, leaving cities for less crowded sites. Coupled with technological innovations such as the invention of air conditioning, the migration spurred the development of "Sun Belt" cities such as Houston, Atlanta, Miami, and Phoenix in the southern and southwestern states.
Soon, large plantations, supported by slave labor, made some families very wealthy.
But unlike other forms of transportation, railroads also attracted a good deal of domestic and European private investment. The interaction within biracial churches represented a foundation for later spiritual commonalities among blacks and whites in the South.
This empowerment was perhaps especially significant in terms of African Americans in the South. True mass production was the inspiration of Henry Ford, who in adopted the moving assembly line, with each worker doing one simple task in the production of automobiles.
Pierpont Morgan, banking; and Andrew Carnegie, steel. Photograph by Flickr user BitHead. After the Scopes Trial, fundamentalism as an organized movement did slowly mature in the South, embodied in private educational institutions, independent associations, and interdenominational groups.
For a recent review of the debate, see The Economist, 3 April In terms of labor, there was a clear distinction between the North and South: Catholics and Jews became southerners, albeit with differences from the large number of Protestants around them.
Changes in communication and transportation, population growth, urbanization, the end of the one-party political system, consumerism, secularization — all pushed the South toward change.
Most Catholic immigrants to the United States went to northern cities and formed major communities. Kennedy ushered in a more activist approach to governing.
Innovations in telecommunications and computer networking spawned a vast computer hardware and software industry and revolutionized the way many industries operate.Religion and the US South Charles Reagan Wilson.
University of Mississippi. Article. North and South, with profound political significance for the division of power within the Union. Heaven Below: Early Pentecostals and American Culture. Cambridge, MA: Harvard. Chapter 1 - 5 study guide by thefirebirdusa includes questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
Spain was ill prepared to defend its beleaguered North American empire. The Stamp Act crisis revealed a chasm between the colonies and Great Britain. In the early nineteenth century, government policy toward pacifying the Indians was to attempt to incorporate them into the American culture.
Quakers, Methodists, Moravians and Baptists established "model settlements" along the frontier intended to attract Native Americans to a life-style in keeping with Protestant values. Rather, Huston argues that the ideological chasm between plantation owners in the South and family farmers in the North led to the political eruption of and the birth of a sectionalized party palmolive2day.com: James L.
c. he pleaded for a clasping of hands across "the bloody chasm" between the North and South. d. his opponents chose a poor candidate for the presidency. e. federal troops still controlled the South. Tracking the Economic Divergence of the North and the South Questions relating to the distinctiveness of the American North and South have intrigued historians and the public for generations.
(Stanford University Press, ), For alternative "cultural" approaches to explaining the economic differences between North and South.Download